Unlocking the Secrets: Bipolar Depression ICD-10 Explained

What Is Bipolar Depression ICD-10

Millions of people are affected by Bipolar Depression ICD-10. Bipolar disorder has become an extremely complicated health problem. In this article, I’ll provide you with a comprehensive explanation of Bipolar Depression ICD-10. This article provides an in-depth explanation of the disorder, its classification, and diagnostic criteria as described in the International Classification of Diseases, 10th edition (ICD-10).

Bipolar Depression ICD-10

Understanding Bipolar Depression

Bipolar depression, as classified under ICD-10, is a mood disorder characterized by episodes of both depression and mania or hypomania. It is crucial to differentiate it from unipolar depression, where individuals experience only depressive episodes.

The ICD-10 classification divides bipolar depression into several subcategories based on symptom severity, duration, and accompanying features. This helps healthcare professionals accurately diagnose the condition and tailor treatment accordingly.

Diagnostic Criteria

To establish a diagnosis of bipolar depression ICD-10, healthcare providers assess specific criteria including mood episodes, duration, and accompanying symptoms. These criteria serve as guidelines for accurate classification and to differentiate it from other mood disorders. It is important to note that a thorough evaluation is essential for accurate diagnosis.

Criteria for Manic Episode (F30):

  • Elevated, expansive, or irritable mood for at least one week (or shorter if hospitalization is required).
  • Symptoms interfering significantly with daily functioning.
  • Accompanying symptoms may include increased self-esteem, decreased sleep, pressured speech, racing thoughts, and risky behavior.
  • Additionally, there is an increased talkativeness or pressure to keep talking.
  • There is a flight of ideas or a subjective experience that thoughts are racing.
  • There is also distractibility, where attention is easily drawn to unimportant or irrelevant external stimuli, as reported or observed.

Criteria for Hypomanic Episode (F31.0):

  • Similar symptoms to manic episode but of lesser intensity and duration
  • Not severe enough to cause marked impairment in functioning.
  • No psychotic features.
  • People with inflated self-esteem or grandiosity experience a decreased need for sleep, feeling rested after only a short period of time.
  • becoming more talkative than usual and feel a pressure to keep talking.
  • Experiencing a flight of ideas or the subjective sensation that their thoughts are racing.
  • Distractibility becomes a prominent issue, with their attention easily drawn to unimportant or irrelevant external stimuli.
  • Additionally, there is an increase in goal-directed activity, whether in social, work, or school settings, or even in sexual contexts.
  • Psychomotor agitation, characterized by purposeless and non-goal-directed activity, may also be observed.

Criteria for Major Depressive Episode (F32):

  • Depressed mood for the majority of the day, nearly every day, for at least two weeks
  • Accompanying symptoms may include weight changes, sleep disturbances, fatigue, feelings of guilt or worthlessness, and suicidal thoughts.
  • A noticeable lack of interest or enjoyment in almost everything, most of the time.
  • Noticing a significant change in weight or appetite, whether it’s gaining or losing.
  • Experiencing difficulty sleeping or feeling excessively sleepy on a daily basis.
  • Constantly feeling restless or slowed down in your movements every day. Consistently feeling tired or lacking energy on a daily basis.
  • Dealing with feelings of worthlessness or excessive guilt that seem inappropriate.
  • Struggling to focus or make decisions due to a decreased ability to think clearly.
  • Frequent thoughts of death or suicide, or even attempting to take one’s own life or having a specific plan to do so.


In conclusion, bipolar depression ICD-10 is a complex mood disorder encompassing both depressive and manic/ hypomanic episodes. Understanding the diagnostic criteria outlined in the ICD-10 classification empowers healthcare professionals to accurately diagnose and treat individuals with this condition. By creating awareness and embracing empathy, we can contribute to fostering a supportive environment for those navigating the challenges of bipolar depression.


Here are some frequently asked questions (FAQs) and answers about bipolar depression and the ICD-10 code:

Q: What is bipolar depression?

A: Bipolar melancholia is a sort of emotional disorder that encompasses periods of both melancholia and frenzy or hypomania. Melancholia is a condition of reduced mood and absence of fascination or pleasure in ordinary undertakings, while frenzy or hypomania is a condition of exalted mood and heightened vitality or endeavor. Bipolar melancholia can influence an individual’s mood, conduct, contemplations, and physical well-being.

Q: What is the difference between bipolar I and bipolar II disorder?

A: Bipolar I disorder, also known as manic-depressive disorder, is defined by the experience of a minimum of one episode of intense mania, accompanied by or without episodes of depression. Conversely, bipolar II disorder is distinguished by the occurrence of at least one hypomanic episode and a minimum of one major depressive episode, without any instances of full-blown mania. Manic episodes are notably more intense and disruptive compared to hypomanic episodes, and can potentially involve the manifestation of psychotic symptoms, such as delusions or hallucinations.

Q: What is the ICD-10 code for bipolar depression?

A: The identification code in the ICD-10 system for bipolar depression is contingent upon the particular form of bipolar disorder, the ongoing episode, the intensity, and whether psychotic features are present. The ICD-10 serves as a method of categorizing illnesses and health issues for the purpose of statistics and diagnosis. The ICD-10 code for bipolar depression commences with F31, which signifies bipolar affective disorder. The subsequent figure designates the ongoing episode, be it marked by depression, mania, or a combination of both. The final digit denotes the intensity and the existence of psychotic features, including mild, moderate, severe, or unspecified. As an illustration, the code F31.4 denotes bipolar disorder with a current episode of severe depression, lacking psychotic features.

Q: How is bipolar depression diagnosed and treated?

A: Bipolar depression, a condition characterized by extreme mood swings, can be determined by evaluating the individual’s symptoms, personal history, and familial background. Mental health experts may refer to the DSM-5 or the ICD-10 criteria to assess the person’s state and eliminate other potential factors. A holistic approach is typically employed in treating bipolar depression, combining medication, psychotherapy, and lifestyle modifications. Medication options encompass mood stabilizers, antidepressants, antipsychotics, or anti-anxiety medications. Psychotherapy options may involve cognitive-behavioral therapy, interpersonal and social rhythm therapy, or family-focused therapy. Additionally, lifestyle changes such as engaging in regular physical exercise, maintaining a nutritious diet, ensuring sufficient sleep, managing stress effectively, and refraining from the consumption of alcohol and drugs are emphasized.

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